Gynostemma pentaphyllum

Family Cucurbitaceae
Subfamily Zanonioideae
Tribe Zanonieae
Subtribe Gomphogyninae
Scientific name Gynostemma pentaphyllum (Thunberg) Makino
Synonyms Gynostemma pedatum Blume; Vitis pentaphylla Thunberg
Common name (Japanese common name) ama-cha zuru (アマチャヅル or アマチャズル, 甘茶蔓 [meaning: sweet tea vine])
(English common name) gynostemma
Distribution (Japan) Hokkaido, Honshu, Shikoku, Kyushu
(Other nations) Korea, China, Taiwan, India, Sri Lanka, Laos, Myanmar, Thailand, Vietnam, Malaysia
Habitat Mountain, bush
Chromosomal number 2n=66
Description Leaves 3, 5 or 7 pedately compound leaves. Flowers pale green corollas 4mm-5mm across, flowering in August to September. Fruits ca. 7mm across. Vine. Perennial plants
Reference  Gynostemma pentaphyllum (Thunb.) Makino
Gynosaponins, their use and a process for preparing the same (US Patent 4339442/1982)
Alpha-glycosyl ginsenosides (US Patent 4621137/1986)
Pharmaceutical composition from Tienchi (US Patent 4755504/1988)
Method of cultivating animal or plant cells (US Patent 5180676/1993)
Herbal extract composition containing gynostemma pentaphyllum, crataegus pinnatifida and camellia sinensis (US Patent 5910308/1999)
Process for the preparation of metabolites of Ginseng saponins (US Patent 5925537/1999)
Methods and compositions employing red rice fermentation products (US Patent 6046022/2000)
Prostaglandin compositions and methods of treatment for male erectile dysfunction (US Patent 6323241/2001)
Method for anticancer therapy using an herbal extract composition (US Patent 6168795/2001)
Bactericide against vancomycin resistant enterococcus (US Patent 6387417/2002)
Cosmetic composition (US Patent 6348200/2002)
Aqueous disinfectant/sterilizing agent for foods (US Patent 6554620/2003)
Method for inhibiting pathogenesis associated with particle-inhalation (US Patent 6713094/2004)
Compositions and methods for treating female sexual arousal disorder using hydrophobic-calcitonin gene related peptide (US Patent 6809079/2004)
Cosmetic composition comprising a phosphoric triester and a skin activating component (US Patent 6932975/2005)
Use of plant extracts and their derived fractions as herbal medicines or nutraceutical supplements for chemoprevention or treatment of human malignancies (US Patent 7033617/2006)
Process for co-spray drying liquid herbal extracts with dry silicified MCC (US Patent 7179488/2007)
Pain relief composition (US Patent 7282224/2007)

male plants

July 2006
at mountane forest
July 2006
at mountane forest
July 2006
at mountane forest

July 2006
at mountane forest
July 2006
at mountane forest
July 2006
at mountane forest

female plants

September 2005
at mountane forest